You must have encountered a civil works project, such as the construction of a road, bridge, dam or public park, in the recent past. Most people often wonder about the civil works construction process. Below is all you need to know about civil works projects.
Establishing The Need
Most countries have specific criteria that must be followed before launching a civil works project. Typically, the public or elected representatives inform the government about the need for specific infrastructure. For instance, city residents could demand a proper drainage system to prevent flooding or access roads to prevent traffic jams. Then, government agencies determine the project's viability. For example, what preparation measures must the government consider before launching the project? For instance, the government must compensate residents whose property is to be affected by the proposed project. Are there viable alternatives? For example, the government could consider cheaper options such as encouraging the use of mass transit to prevent traffic jams in towns. Finally, the relevant agencies determine whether the government has adequate financing to complete the project.
Once the project is deemed viable, the government deploys engineering teams to establish the practicability of the civil works project. For instance, geological surveys determine whether the soil conditions allow construction. For example, some soils, such as clay and peat, pose a risk to road construction. Moreover, the area could have metamorphic rocks or dangerous gases that could complicate the project. The team also conducts an environmental impact assessment. For example, the project could threaten protected plant and animal species. Moreover, it could risk the lives of locals. It is especially so if the area is a reclaimed landfill that could produce dangerous substances during excavation. After this, civil engineers and architects draw blueprints and construction plans.
The government then invites interested contractors to bid for the civil works project. Typically, the contractors undergo rigorous vetting to ensure they have the competence to complete the project. For example, the contractors must have the requisite experience in similar projects. Moreover, they should have a skilled workforce, high-quality equipment, and adequate insurance. Government agencies also vet the contractor's finances to ensure they can complete the project.
Usually, government agencies conduct independent appraisals to determine how much the project costs to complete. They use this metric to assess the bids of the various contractors. For instance, a contractor who bids too low might not complete the project. Moreover, they evaluate the build quality of the various contractors and the safety measures they intend to observe at the site before rewarding the contract.
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